Composition rules in photography: symmetry

Symmetry is a powerful technique of composition, with which works of art are created and harmonized: architecture, design, painting, graphics, photography. But this technique is not invented by man, he peeped at nature. The human body, the flower, the snowflake are all examples of symmetry in nature.┬áThe easiest way to describe symmetry in a photo is this: if you fold a perfectly symmetrical photo in half along the symmetry line (klikk her for mer info), you get two identical photos.┬áBut the symmetrical composition does not provide for a perfect match of the elements of both halves of the image. The viewer’s gaze can quickly get tired of the monotony, so the imperfection of symmetry gives the look to catch on and relax. Conscious symmetry breaking can also draw the eye to the image, automatically make it more interesting.

Vertical symmetry

Buildings, structures and roads are good objects for symmetrical images. If the road is in the center of the composition, the line in the middle already divides the image into two parts.

vertical symmetry

If you’re photographing architecture, symmetry in composition is a fairly obvious technique. But when you take pictures of people, it can be more difficult. For example, the famous photographer Rodney Smith used symmetry as the main artistic technique of his works.